Silk Production in Turkey
The Process of Making Silk Oriental Rugs From the Silk
Worm to the Finished Rug
The silk industry originated in China.   
Empress Si-Ling, wife of a famous
emperor Huang-Ti (2640 BC),
encouraged the cultivation of the mulberry
tree, the rearing of the worms, and the
reeling of the silk.  

Empress Si-Ling is credited by the
Chinese with the invention of the weaving
loom on which the silk was woven into
fabric.  Silk was highly valued in Asia
Minor and the trade road to China
became known as the Silk Road.  Literally,
silk became worth its weight in gold.

Silk production began in Asia Minor about
the beginning of the Christian period.   
Two Persian monks, who had long resided
in China, learned the whole art of silk
worm rearing and brought their knowledge
to the Emperor.  

About the year 550 AD, the monks
brought silk worm eggs from China
concealed in a bamboo tube.  From the
contents of this tube were produced all
the races and varieties of silk worm that
supplied the western world for more than
1,200 years.    

Early in the sixth century AD, Byzantine
Emperor Justinian totally controlled the
trade and manufacture of silk within his
empire.  Looms worked by women were
set up in the Imperial Palace in
Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul).  

(from Encyclopedia Britannica, 1939 edition)
Turkish woman weaves a silk rug
Beautiful silk carpets have been produced for hundreds of years in the region of Cappadocia.  We visited a
carpet factory in Avanos, where silk is processed and the carpets woven on site.  It is interesting to watch the
processing of silk from the cocoon stage to the weaving of fine carpets.