The Amphitheater at Ephesus
The Arcadian Way, the marble road shown in the picture above, led from the harbor to the great theater and
was the main entrance to the city of Ephesus from the sea.  Marble columns lined each side of the road. The
amphitheater, which seated about 24,000 people, was rebuilt by the Roman Emperor Lucius Septimius Severus
during period of 193 - 211 AD.

The Apostle Paul, on one of his missionary journeys, sailed from Syria to Ephesus.  In Acts 18:19, we read that
Paul came into Ephesus, entered into the synagogue and reasoned with the Jews.  The bright green area in
the picture above is the ancient harbor, which has silted in over the centuries.  Paul left his ship and walked up
this road to enter the city.  The amphitheater shown here was built to replace the one where Paul's traveling
companions, Gaius and Aristarchus, were taken by a large mob of Ephesians, who were angry at Paul's
teaching against idols. The temple built for the goddess Diana at Ephesus was famous worldwide.  Before Paul
arrived at Ephesus, the craftsmen had a thriving business selling the silver images of the goddess.  
"Moreover ye see and hear, that not alone at Ephesus, but almost throughout all
Asia, this Paul hath persuaded and turned away much people, saying that they be
no gods which are made with hands. So that not only our craft (silversmiths) is in
danger to be set at naught; but also that the temple of the great goddess Diana
should be despised, and her magnificence should be destroyed, whom all Asia and
the world worshippeth.  And when they heard these sayings, they were full of wrath,
and cried out, saying, Great is Diana of the Ephesians.  And the whole city was
filled with confusion; and having caught Gaius and Aristarchus, men of Macedonia,
Paul's companions in travel, they rushed with one accord into the theatre.  And
when Paul would have entered in unto the people, the disciples suffered (allowed)
him not."
   (Acts 19:26-30)
This is the view that the Apostle Paul saw as he left his ship at the port of
Ephesus and walked up the Arcadian Way toward the amphitheater shown in
the distance.