The Library of Celsius was constructed by the Consul Gaius Julius Aquila beginning in 117 AD as a Heroum (the
tomb of a hero) for the Governor Celsius Polemaenus of the Roman province of Asia. The building was completed in
135 AD.  Papyrus rolls were arranged in the niches on the inside walls of the library.  In the front of the two-story
building stand four female statues, personifying Wisdom, Knowledge, Destiny and Intelligence.  In the picture above
are two of these statues, which are copies of the originals that are located in Vienna, Austria.   
KURETES - Marble avenue in Ephesus
Nancye Ricketts with Island of Samos in background
The Library of Celsius at Ephesus 135 AD
Library of Celsius
Remains of the Temple of Diana
Originally a small shrine to the goddess Diana (Artemus), the Temple of Diana was destroyed and rebuilt a
number of times.  The last building, called the Helenistic temple, was built according to plans drawn up by the
famous Dinocrates, the architect of Alexandria, Egypt. The whole structure was regarded as a marvel and
considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

It is said that the day the temple of Diana at Ephesus was destroyed by fire, Alexander the Great was born.  
The legend is that the temple burned while its mistress was away, assisting at the birth of Alexander. And all the
Eastern soothsayers who were than at Ephesus, after seeing the ruin of this temple, thought is was a
foreshadowing of some other calamity.  They are said to have run about the town, beating their faces, and
crying that this day had brought forth something that would prove fatal and destructive to all Asia.

In the third century AD, the remains of the temple were quarried by the Emperor Justinian for the building of the
nearby Basilica of Saint John and the Church of Saint Sophia at Constantinople (Istanbul).  
The ruins of the Basilica of Saint John at Ephesus